EUROPEAN CULTURAL CONVENTION
Signed at Paris, 19 December 1954
Entered into force: 5 May 1955
The Governments signatory hereto, being Members of the Council of Europe,
Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater
unity between its Members for the purpose, among others, of safeguarding
and realising the ideals and principles which are their common heritage;
Considering that the achievement of this aim would be furthered by a
greater understanding of one another among the peoples of Europe;
Considering that for these purposes it is desirable not only to conclude
bilateral cultural conventions between Members of the Council but also
to pursue a policy of common action designed to safeguard and encourage
the development of European culture;
Having resolved to conclude a general European Cultural Convention designed
to foster among the nationals of all Members, and of such other European
States as may accede thereto, the study of the languages, history and
civilisation of the others and of the civilisation which is common to
Have agreed as follows:
Each Contracting Party shall take appropriate measures to safeguard and
to encourage the development of its national contribution to the common
cultural heritage of Europe.
Each Contracting Party shall, insofar as may be possible,
- encourage the study by its own nationals of the languages, civilisation
of the other Contracting Parties and grant facilities to those Parties
to promote such studies in its territory, and
- endeavour to promote the study of its language or languages, civilisation
in the territory of the other Contracting Parties and grant facilities
to the nationals of those Parties to pursue such studies in its territory.
The Contracting Parties shall consult with one another within the framework
of the Council of Europe with a view to concerted action in promoting
cultural activities of European interest.
Each Contracting Party shall, insofar as may be possible, facilitate the
movement and exchange of persons as well as of objects of cultural value
so that Articles 2 and 3 may be implemented.
Each Contracting Party shall regard the objects of European cultural value
placed under its control as integral parts of the common cultural heritage
of Europe, shall take appropriate measures to safeguard them and shall
ensure reasonable access thereto.
- Proposals for the application of the provisions of the present Convention
and questions relating to the interpretation thereof shall be considered
at meetings of the Committee of Cultural Experts of the Council of Europe.
- Any State not a member of the Council of Europe which has acceded
to the present Convention in accordance with the provisions of paragraph
4 of Article 9 may appoint a representative or representatives to participate
in the meetings provided for in the preceding paragraph.
- The conclusions reached at the meetings provided for in paragraph
1 of this Article shall be submitted in the form of recommendations
to the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, unless they
are decisions which are within the competence of the Committee of Cultural
Experts as relating to matters of an administrative nature which do
not entail additional expenditure.
- The Secretary-General of the Council of Europe shall communicate to
the Members of the Council and to the Government of any State which
has acceded to the present Convention any decisions relevant thereto
which may be taken the by the Committee of Ministers or by the Committee
of Cultural Experts.
- Each Contracting Party shall notify the Secretary-General of the Council
of Europe in due course of any action which may be taken by it for the
application of the provisions of the present Convention consequent on
the decisions of the Committee of Ministers or of the Committee of Cultural
- In the event of certain proposals for the application of the present
Convention being found to interest only a limited number of the Contracting
Parties, such proposals may be further considered in accordance with
the provisions of Article 7, provided that their implementation entails
no expenditure by the Council of Europe.
If, in order to further the aims of the present Convention, two or more
Contracting Parties desire to arrange meetings at the seat of the Council
of Europe other than those specified in paragraph 1 of Article 6, the
Secretary-General of the Council shall afford them such administrative
assistance as they may require.
Nothing in the present Convention shall be deemed to affect
- the provisions of any existing bilateral cultural convention to which
any of the Contracting Parties may be signatory or to render less desirable
the conclusion of any further such convention by any of the Contracting
- the obligation of any person to comply with the laws and regulations
in force in the territory of any Contracting Party concerning the entry,
residence and departure of foreigners.
- The present Convention shall be open to the signature of the Members
of the Council of Europe. It shall be ratified, and the instruments
of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the
Council of Europe.
- As soon as three signatory Governments have deposited their instruments
of ratification, the present Convention shall enter into force as between
- With respect to each signatory Government ratifying subsequently,
the Convention shall enter into force on the date of deposit of its
instrument of ratification.
- The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may decide, by
a unanimous vote, to invite, upon such terms and conditions as it deems
appropriate, any European State which is not a member of the Council
to accede to the present Convention. Any State so invited may accede
by depositing its instrument of accession with the Secretary-General
of the Council of Europe. Such accession shall take effect on the date
of receipt of the said instrument.
- The Secretary-General of the Council of Europe shall notify all Members
of the Council and any acceding States of the deposit of all instruments
of ratification and accession.
Any Contracting Party may specify the territories to which the provisions
of the present Convention shall apply by addressing to the Secretary-General
of the Council of Europe a declaration which shall be communicated by
the latter to all the other Contracting Parties.
- Any Contracting Party may denounce the present Convention at any time
after it has been in force for a period of five years by means of a
notification in writing addressed to the Secretary-General of the Council
of Europe, who shall inform the other Contracting Parties.
- Such denunciation shall take effect for the Contracting Party concerned
six months after the date on which it is received by the Secretary-General
of the Council of Europe.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, duly authorised thereto by their
respective Governments, have signed the present Convention.
DONE at Paris this 19th day of December, 1954, in the English and French
languages, both texts being equally authoritative, in a single copy which
shall remain deposited in the archives of the Council of Europe. The Secretary-General
shall transmit certified copies to each of the signatory and acceding